There is only one situation in which the virtue of the good citizen and excellent man are the same, and this is when the citizens are living in a city that is under the ideal regime: In most of the countries surveyed in the region, worries about Islamic extremists are more common than are concerns about Christian extremists, although one-in-five in Kyrgyzstan are concerned about extremists of both faiths.
The person who has it neither flees from the enemy nor engages in a suicidal and pointless attack but faces the enemy bravely and attacks in the right way. With the notable exception of Afghanistan, fewer than half of Muslims in any country surveyed say religious leaders should have a large influence in politics.
What is more, the economies of the Greek city-states rested on slavery, and without slaves and women to do the productive labor, there could be no leisure for men to engage in more intellectual lifestyles.
For example, in a democracy, citizens are paid to serve on juries, while in an oligarchy, rich people are fined if they do not. Aristotle later ranks them in order of goodness, with monarchy the best, aristocracy the next best, then polity, democracy, oligarchy, and tyranny a Aristotle does not anywhere in his writings suggest that Athens is the ideal city or even the best existing city.
First, Aristotle points out that although nature would like us to be able to differentiate between who is meant to be a slave and who is meant to be a master by making the difference in reasoning capacity visible in their outward appearances, it frequently does not do so.
Egocentrism of one person comes into conflict with the egocentrism of all other persons. More will be said about this later, but the reader should keep in mind that this is an important way in which our political and ethical beliefs are not Aristotle's. This may at first seem wise, since the unequal distribution of property in a political community is, Aristotle believes, one of the causes of injustice in the city and ultimately of civil war.
What Kind of Partnership Is a City. It is noteworthy that although Aristotle praises the politically active life, he spent most of his own life in Athens, where he was not a citizen and would not have been allowed to participate directly in politics although of course anyone who wrote as extensively and well about politics as Aristotle did was likely to be politically influential.
Inequality of property leads to problems because the common people desire wealth without limit b3 ; if this desire can be moderated, so too can the problems that arise from it. Humans are not capable of becoming gods, but they are capable of becoming beasts, and in fact the worst kind of beasts: But there is also a limitation on political study based on age, as a result of the connection between politics and experience: This is one of Aristotle's most important points: Therefore, as a practical matter, regardless of the arguments for or against it, slavery was not going to be abolished in the Greek world.
There should be no private families and no private property.
The extent to which arguments offered by all participants are considered on the merits regardless of which participants offer them  In Fishkin's definition of deliberative democracy, lay citizens must participate in the decision-making process, thus making it a subtype of direct democracy.
And poll taxes, which required people to pay a tax in order to vote and therefore kept many poor citizens including almost all African-Americans from voting, were not eliminated in the United States until the midth century.
And in order to deal with human depravity, what is needed is to moderate human desires, which can be done among those "adequately educated by the laws" b The good citizen today is asked to follow the laws, pay taxes, and possibly serve on juries; these are all good things the good man or woman would do, so that the good citizen is seen as being more or less subsumed into the category of the good person.
Their intellectual powers, which could be turned to wealth, are being used in other, better ways to develop their humanity. Doing so would require far more governmental control over citizens than most people in Western societies are willing to allow. We will have much more to say later on the topic of regimes.
On balance, more Muslims are concerned about Islamic than Christian extremist groups. In regimes where the citizens are similar and equal by nature - which in practice is all of them — all citizens should be allowed to participate in politics, though not all at once.
But it necessarily makes a difference…" a Because villages are larger than families, people can specialize in a wider array of tasks and can develop skills in things like cooking, medicine, building, soldiering, and so forth which they could not develop in a smaller group.
Note that this means that citizenship is not just a set of privileges, it is also a set of duties. Ethics and politics, which are the practical sciences, deal with human beings as moral agents.
They must be systematically examined and modified by scholars of politics before the truths that are part of these opinions are revealed.
Cities are preserved not by complete unity and similarity but by "reciprocal equality," and this principle is especially important in cities where "persons are free and equal. How do priorities affect Hamlet and the doctor. And just as with the rule of the master over the slave, the difference here is one of reason: However, Aristotle says that living happily requires living a life of virtue.
Most also believe non-Muslims in their country are very free to practice their faith. The extent and content of any missing material is a matter of scholarly debate.
The Politics, Book II "Cities…that are held to be in a fine condition" In Book II, Aristotle changes his focus from the household to the consideration of regimes that are "in use in some of the cities that are said to be well managed and any others spoken about by certain persons that are held to be in a fine condition" a.
Chapter 1 Democracy and American Politics In This Chapter An introduction to how government and politics work What democracy means, and how it can be used. Chapter 1: Democracy and American Politics I. Democracy as a Struggle A. Dynamic, not Static B.
Imperfect Winston Churchill: “Democracy is the worst form of government, with the exceptions of all others.” H.L. Mencken: “Democracy is the theory that the common people know what they want and deserve to get it good and hard.” Jay Leno:. Chapter 1 Politics and Democracy Flashcard 1 Out Of 48 Showing Front Of Card.
Show Both Sides Show Back First According to the pluralist view of government and politics, democracy can be achieved by _____ Chapter Join QuizMEOnline on Facebook. Articles Questions Quizzes Flashcards Study Guides.
CHAPTER 1 Politics, Democracy and Power 1 thesanfranista.com 24/3/11 pm Page 1.
And does it just involve the government of states? Some definitions of politics suggest not only that it is a universal human activity, as the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle argued, but that it can take.
AP US Government & Politics Chapter Constitutional Democracy Chapter Terms you need to know and understand: democracy direct democracy representative democracy constitutional democracy constitutionalism statism majority plurality social capital ideology theocracy Articles of Confederation Annapolis.
Chapter 1 – Democracy and American Politics I) Democracy – demos (the people) & kratein (to rule) a. Oligarchy – rule by a few and a minority group holds power over a majority as in an aristocracy or a clerical establishment b.Chapter 1 politics you and democracy