Since the Greek language had come to be the dominant language of people all over the known world, the evangelization of people was now possible through one language.
With the end of the reign of Herod the Great, the Intertestamental Period would end. His son, Antiochus IV was also taken from him and sent to Rome as a hostage. Such colonization brought with it the Greek language, Greek standards of weights and measures, coinage, and the gymnasium from the Greek gymnasionwhich was a public facility for sports that also provided instruction in philosophy, literature, and music.
Lastly the Jews resented Herod for his evilness. Israel was again caught in the middle. He would kill anyone he felt was a threat to his authority. After the ministry of Malachi around B. Eventually Alexander the Great is going to conquer this area beginning in BC and he is going to last to about BC or so; not Alexander specifically, but those who follow him in terms of Greek leadership in that area.
Background to Hellenism Figure 2.
This time of relative peace and contentment was just the calm before the storm. In the following conflict, Tryphon was able to take all of the lands as far north as Galilee and made successful campaigns all the way to Damascus.
While Nehemiah was alive, and for many decades after that, Jewish Intertestamental period affairs were under the control of secular leaders, the functionaries appointed by Persia. Hugh Williamson has shown that if Nehemiah 9: The first phase of Roman domination in Palestine extended from 63 till 37 BC… the Jews were uneasy under the yoke at this point.
Demetrius confirmed the selection of Alcimus as high priest of Jerusalem, sending him with general Bacchides to rule over the temple. Readings Within that period of time there is another set of things that create influence that we need to understand. Only the capital city of Alexandria stood against him.
When Alexander died, the diadochi had initially agreed that Syria and Mesopotamia would be governed by Seleucus and Egypt by Ptolemy. In the coming years Seleucus I and his successors would build their empire on the northern border of Palestine.
First, Elias Bickerman has suggested that since Aramaic was the common language of the entire Near East from Ethiopia to India, that language became the vehicle that facilitated the exchange of information between the Greeks and the easterners.
From here they defied, almost successfully, the embattled might of Rome. To celebrate the news, the Jews took all of the Seleucid officials and threw them off the walls of the city. Therefore, should the Jews not be permitted to follow their own ancestral practices as well.
Judah was also of interest to him, not because it posed a military threat, but because it was that part of his territory which lay closest to Egypt. Anitiochus IV died in B. The northern kingdom of Israel is scattered all over the Assyrian empire, and later Babylonia conquers the southern kingdom of Judah and basically takes the people out of Judah though not all of them, certainly the leading people and settles them in Babylonia.
Much of what happened was predicted by the prophet Daniel. The Jewish people in the cities adapted their lives to the larger Gentile society in varying degrees; some actually gave up their religious beliefs and practices entirely.
Lastly the Jews resented Herod for his evilness. Faithful Jews staunchly resisted the strong influence of pagan polytheism. Both of those kingdoms eventually are taken out of the land, and made subjects to foreign entities.
The nature and the extent of these Christian interpolations are often difficult to define since a Christian interpolator not only changes the text according to Christian views or introduces specific Christian terminology but also may introduce in a Jewish text ideas, motifs, or terminology that are common to both Judaism and Christianity.
The evidence for this occurring is extensive; we can see this harmonizing in both historical and religious works. Artaxerxes then gathered an immense army and in took Cyprus and captured Sidon, burning it to the ground.
It was oniy a matter of time before the explosion was set off. How this could occur is a product of many different factors, both internal and external to the Judahite society. After God delivered His final message through the prophet Malachi, He paused in His com-munications through men for some four hundred years.
Texts and Sects Figure As opposed to those who would side with Rome, we have a group called the Essenes — they were a large, fairly diverse group that pulled out of the culture, and became separatists.
Such a group lived on the island of Elephantine in the Nile… other important Jewish communities existed in Alexandria, Rome, Antioch, and numerous cities in Asia Minor.
The Jews were given very limited political power through the Sanhedrin, a religious and political body traditionally composed of seventy-one men and presided over by the high priest. The Last Recorded Prophet.
For years, many in Israel denied, dishonored, persecuted, fought, and rebelled against the prophets. Malachi was the last of the true prophets in Israel in the Old Testament period of which we have a record. While the Intertestamental Period was silent in that there were no new scriptures written by the prophets of God, it was anything but quiet.
After the aggressive military conquest by Alexander the Great, Palestine would experience the power struggle of his leading generals.
Introduction. The title I use for this class, “Intertestamental Period,” has a Christian basis because it acknowledges the existence of two “testaments” while. Lecture 1, The Intertestamental Period: The period between the Old Testament and the New Testament is one of the most overlooked eras of biblical history.
The intertestamental period is the Protestant term and deuterocanonical period is the Catholic and Orthodox Christian term for the gap of time between the period covered by the Hebrew Bible and the period covered by the Christian New Testament.
of, relating to, or forming the period of two centuries between the composition of the last book of the Old Testament and the first book of the New Testament.Intertestamental period